This study was done with rheumatoid arthritis, but it looks interesting.
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of a Mediterranean diet (MD) versus an ordinary Western diet for suppression of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Conclusion: The results indicate that patients with RA, by adjusting to a Mediterranean diet, did obtain a reduction in inflammatory activity, an increase in physical function, and improved vitality.
The full text is available for download.
Case-control studies indicate that lifelong consumption of fish, olive oil, and cooked vegetables may have independent protective effects on the development or severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Epidemiological studies from selected geographical regions support these hypotheses. From the Faroe Islands where peoples’ diet is high in fish and whale meat, RA was reported to take a mild form. In north-western Greece where the consumption of olive olive oil is high, the prevalence of RA has been reported to be low.
Besides investigating the effects of specific nutrients and food items, attention should also be drawn to the diet as a whole. Ever since the Seven Countries Study the Mediterranean diet (MD), particularly the Cretan MD, has been regarded as a healthy and disease preventing diet. The traditional Cretan MD is characterised by a high consumption of fruit, vegetables, cereals, and legumes. Compared with common Western diets the MD contains less red meat and more fish. The Cretan MD typically uses olive oil as the primary source of fat, and also includes a moderate intake of wine.